Lesson 53: Guide-Tones
Guide-tones are the third and the seventh of a given chord. The guide-tones are important because they determine the character of the chord - if it is major or minor and if it has a major or a minor seventh.
The II-V-I Progression
In the II-V-I progression the root progression is down a perfect fifth ( up a perfect fourth). It is important that the third of one chord becomes the seventh of the next and the seventh becomes the third:
In longer chord progressions, it is important to pay attention to the guide-tones lines. Here is an example progression, the very common I-VI-II-V progression, which contains a II-V-I progression:
Sometimes it is necessary to jump up at some point in the progression, in order to allow for the guide-tone line to fall smoothly. The following progression is from Don't Know Why by Jesse Harris ( from Norah Jones' Come Away with Me):
Guide-Tones and Improvisation
It is important to be able to bring out the guide-tones when improvising. Especially when soloing over rapidly moving changes, it can do wonders if you are able to land on guide-tones at critical spots.
© 2005 Tomas Karlsson. All rights reserved.