• Volcanoes
  • Thunderstorms
  • Aurora Borealis
  • Astronomy
  • INTP
  • Friends
  • Animals


  • Southwest Volcano Research Centre


  • Stromboli On-Line

  • Vulkaner Informasjon og vulkanisme (Jorgen Aabech)

  • Alaska Volcano Observatory

  • MTU Volcanoes Page

  • The Volcanic Homepage

  • USGS Volcano Hazards Program

  • Nordic Volcanological Institute

  • Global Volcanism Program

  • Volcano World

  • Volcanoes of the World (USGS)

  • How Volcanoes Work (Dr. Vic Camp, San Diego State University) Info about eruption types and else.

  • Volcano Observatories and Research Centres (McGill University)

  • The Volcano Information Center

  • Climate effects of volcanic eruptions

  • Volcanoes Pretty page but otherwise..........

  • Volcanology 1999/00 (Carlo Freda, Federico Rottura, Gabriele Civardi,Giorgio Campi, Laura Sánchez, Marco Mazzari, Rosa Maria Liñán) Lots of information!!!

  • Decade Volcanoes (USGS)

  • Photo glossary of volcano terms (USGS)

  • Volcanic Live Cams all over the world (Stromboli On-Line)

    Volcano Hazards

  • Volcanic Activity and Enviromental Change Includes lots of info about Laki, Tambora, Toba and Pinatubo eruptions. Very interesting!!!

  • Types and Effects of Volcano Hazards (USGS)

  • Pyroclastic Flows and Pyroclastic Surges (USGS)

  • Toxicity hazards arising from volcanic activity (MAF)

  • Hazardous Volcanic Events

  • Volcano and Hydrologic Hazards, Features, and Terminology (USGS)

    Some notable (My favorites :-) historic eruptions

  • Mount Katmai (AVO)

  • 1912 Eruption of Novarupta, Alaska (USGS)

  • Katmai and Novarupta, Alaska Peninsula, Alaska (Volcano World)

  • The Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes in Scenic Katmai National Park

  • Katmai's Black-Out Possible eyewitness account? (provided courtesy of the Baranov Museum)

  • The Lakagigar (Laki) Eruption of 1783 (VOLCANO TOURS)

  • The Laki and Grimsvotn Eruptions of 1783-1785 (Volcano World)

  • Benjamin Franklin's observations on weather and volcanoes (Laki eruption 1783)

  • TAMBORA, West Nusatenggara, Sumbawa Island (VSI)

  • The Year Without a Summer: 1816 (Patrick Hughes) Possibly the Tambora had something to do with this one...

  • The 1991 Eruptions of Mount Pinatubo, Philippines (USGS)

  • Pinatubo Volcano: The sleeping giant awakens

  • Look also Taupo volcano in the caldera section. The 181AD Taupo eruption was one of the most violent and voluminous eruption in last 5000 years!

  • Santa María Volcano, Guatemala

    Calderas and Resurgent Calderas

  • Evolution of a Resurgent Caldera

  • Calderas

  • Campi Flegrei

  • Campi Flegrei Caldera, Italy

  • Resurgent Calderas and the Valles Caldera

  • Yellowstone Caldera, Wyoming (USGS)

  • Geologic History of Long Valley Caldera and the Mono-Inyo Craters volcanic chain, California (USGS)

  • Chart of Sea-levels for the previous 500,000 years Something about Toba caldera eruption...

  • Calderas- Subaerial and Subaqueous

  • Toba, Indonesia

  • Toba, Sumatra, Indonesia

  • More of Lake Toba

  • The Taupo Volcanic Zone (IGNS)

  • Volcanic hazards at Taupo volcanic centre (IGNS)

    Mantle plume volcanism and mass extinctions

  • Flood basalts, mantle plumes & extinctions

  • Deccan Traps Mantle Plume Volcanism (D. M. McLean)

  • Dinosaur Extinction: The Volcano-Greenhouse Theory (D. M. McLean)

  • Proposed law of nature linking impacts, plume volcanism, and Milankovitch cycles to terrestial vertebrate mass extinctions via greenhouse-embryo death coupling (D. M. McLean)

  • climate change mammalian population collapse mechanism (D. M. McLean)

  • Impact Winter in the Global K-T Extinctions: No Definitive Evidences (D. M. McLean)

  • K-T transition greenhouse and embryogenesis dysfunction in the dinosaur extinctions (D. M. McLean)

  • Huge flood of lava at K/T boyndary came from deep within the earth (Tom Rickey, Asish Basu)

  • DECCAN TRAP (Dean Johnstone)

  • If Earth sprung a leak Think about it!

  • Deccan traps volcanism and T-K boundary extinctions

  • Large Igneous Provinces - What are they? - How did they form? - Did they seal the fate of the dinosaurs?

  • Episodes of Flood-Basalt Volcanism Defined by 40 Ar/39 Ar Age Distributions: Correlation with Mass Extinctions? pdf file!

  • WHEN LIFE NEARLY DIED: Researchers link earth's greatest mass extinction to Siberian volcanoes that erupted for a million years (TIME Magazine September 18, 1995 Volume 146, No.12)

  • Plumes and Volcanic Rifted Margins

  • Magma's Makeup Yields New Clues To Catastrophic Eruptions

  • Massive volcanic eruptions in Siberia linked to largest extinction (Paul R. Renne, Asish Basu)


  • Animal extinctions in the fossil record: A developed paradigm (Václav Petr)

    Storms and Storm Chasing

  • TORNADO CHASE DAY (Gene Moore)

  • Severe storms - online meteorology guide (University of Illinois)

  • Storm Track - Storm Chaser Homepage (Storm Track Magazine)

  • Storm Prediction Center (NOAA)

  • TorDACH

  • Ordinary Cells -- Air Mass Convection (UNL)

  • Radar - The Lemon Technique (WFR)

  • Thunderstorms (NEMAS)

  • Techniques for issuing Severe Thunderstorm and Tornado Warnings with the WSR-88D Doppler Radar (NOAA)


  • Supercells (UNL)

  • Supercell (David M. Brommer)

  • Supercell Structure and Dynamics (NWS)

  • Severe Thunderstorm Electrification and Precipitation Study (UCAR)

    Mesoscale Convective System (MCS) / Mesoscale Convective Complex (MCC)

  • Multicellular Systems - MCSs (UNL)

  • The Structure and Evolution of Squall Line and Bow Echo Convective Systems (NWS)

  • Examination of Derecho Environments Using Proximity Soundings (SPC)

  • Tornado? No, DERECHO!

  • What is a derecho? A Derecho Climatology

  • Mesoscale Convective Systems: Squall Lines and Bow Echoes (COMET)

    Thunderstorm Hazards

  • Wind Events (Walker Ashley)

  • Downbursts!

  • Downbursts...(NWS)

  • Downbursts...The Tornado's Destructive Sister (NOAA)

  • Downbursts & Gustfronts

  • Tornado and Tornado Research (COMET)

  • Tornado information (USA TODAY)

  • The online Tornado faq (SPC)

  • Hail... (NWS)

  • Hail (

    Finnish Storm Chasers

  • Myrskybongarin portti nettiin So far...The one and only good Finnish Storm Chasing pages by Olli Haukkovaara!

  • Me: 29.6.2000 Padasjoki - Urjala severe Thunderstorm Under construction.

  • Leponiemi Timo

  • Korpela Paavo

    Aurora Borealis

  • Revontulet By Timo Leponiemi

  • Northern Lights links By far the best link collection in the business by Timo Leponiemi!

  • Current Solar Data (NOAA)

  • Lots of near real time data. Includes auroral ovals, magnetograms etc. Very usefull!

  • Solar Terrestrial Activity Report (Jan Alvestad)

  • Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory

  • Spaceweather (NASA) Good news site.


  • IPS Australia

  • Costello Geomagnetic Activity Index

  • Today's Space Weather (Space Environment Center / NOAA)

  • ACE Solar Wind Data from Rice University


  • Astronomy links Good site by Timo Leponiemi!

  • Sky&Telescope

  • NASA Space Science News Headlines

  • URSA

  • JPL Space Calendar

  • Sky&Telescope

  • JPL:n Comet Observation Home Page

  • Meteor Showers 2000

  • Gary Kronk's Comets and Meteor Showers

  • The International Meteor Organization (IMO)

  • USAF In case of the very large meteorites...

    INTP Introverted iNtuitive Thinking Perceiving

  • A description of the INTP Personality Type A huge but unbelievably accurate description!!!

  • Portrait of an INTP

  • Careers for INTP Personality Types

  • Portrait of an ITP Child

  • INTP Relationships



    So far very few pages or friends or what ever...;-)

  • Nitta Elomäki

    Godchild: Enja Liaa Inari Elomäki

    I feel very proud and privileged to be part of her life and a future. :-)

  • Enja



  • Mediterranean Shark Site

  • Ichthyology (Florida Museum of Natural History)

  • Fiona's Shark Mania

  • Review of the great white shark Carcharodon carcharias (Mediterranean Shark Site

  • Carcharodon Megalodon (EduNET) White shark's ancient "big sister"


  • BirdLife Suomi - Finland

    More links coming soon...