Tips Explained surface technique



I tryed to make my instructions for surface technique as short as possible, so here is them explained little more.



1.      Floating line gives the best result concerning the float of a fly. Of course greased intermediate line does the job too, but it easier to cast with floating line. I prefer these new floating tippets, but greased monofil line as a tippet is as good as factory maid tippets.

2.      Long tippet is essential when we use spey or ďunder hand castĒ, It gives benefit too because fish doesnít see the flyline before the fly goes over it. Because the way the technique goes, tippet goes over the fish before than fly.

3.      By greasing the wing or whole fly it floats better even itís not made to float. Ideal case is when fly stays on the surface when we start to pull it in, so it will make the wake immediately.

4.      Where they alloy casting upstream, you should do that, at least make the cast across the stream. The idea is make the fly float down stream with itís head first. The pressure of stream helps you with that.

5.      Fish those areas very closely where you know or you think you know salmon is waiting for you. Very long cast are not effective, try to make them short and precise. As we do with a dry fly.

6.      Floating the fly all the time the same way donít give the best result. Changing the rhythm, longer cast etc. making the fly more alive is essential to make the salmon interested in your fly

7.      When floating the fly and closely observing the cast, you might startle when fish comes behind your fly. It usually strikes from behind, sometimes from a side. Main thing is, donít pull the fly out of the salmons big mouth.

8.      Avoid strong countermove, you only panic the fish and it usually rushes off from hook. The fly will catch the salmon if itís going to. Just rise your rod and pull the line approximately 10 ď. That will do the job, if itís going to happen.

9.      Just keep you rod up and observe what the fish is going to do, just remember to keep line tight. Salmon will decide soon what itís going to do to get free. Donít pull too hard, because many salmons are lost because of too tight line in first few seconds

10.  There are two main reasons to keep our rod up. First of all, it gives you flexibility if the salmon takes sudden movements and the pulling force of line doesnít all go straight to the reel. Other thing is more physical. Freshly rised salmon is itís best shape and will gain itís strength back very fast with short rest periods. By keeping the pulling direction upwards the fish has to use its neck muscles against you and those muscles are not so powerful than all the others muscles. This tires it out faster


These are the things I have thought about this type of salmon fishing. I try always to obey them as the conditions allow. It has given me good and exciting moments in riverbank when the water surface is broken...


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   Heikki Anttonen