Notes and Equipment

This Photo Gallery was initially put together in response to requests from friends for family pictures. I selected some of Aino and Miku and while I was scanning them it occurred to me to set up a conventional home page like so many millions of others have done. I have tried to make it simple.

I wanted to choose the pictures at random and display them that way but because I had no scanner that would take anything larger than 35mm at the time was unable to scan any medium format pictures.


I have no shutter speed or aperture data for the older pictures but I know which cameras and lenses were used. The images span a period of about 35 years and were taken with three models of Alpa Reflex and more recently with a Pentax ME Super, a P30 and a P30T. Although I always made copious notes about exposure and lighting in my laboratory, I rarely did this in the field. The crystal pictures in the Print Gallery were all made with a Pentax *ist D digital on a research microscope equipped with Leitz optics.

Cameras and Lenses


I started off, as almost every kid did in the 1940s, with Kodak Box and folding cameras. I graduated to a Bolsey Rangefinder 35mm and did my own B&W processing and enlarging. This camera had a Wollensak lens with built in leaf shutter and took remarkable pictures. In Rhodesia I bought a Retina Ia after the Bolsey fell over a cliff. The next camera was a Contax followed by a Contarex I. I owned several Leicas after this. In 1957 I bought an Alpa Reflex 4 and stayed with Alpa for forty years. I sold my last one, a model 9D and several lenses on eBay a few years ago. The camera I use now, almost exclusively, is a Pentax *ist D with most of the same lenses I used on the Pentax film bodies.

Medium format

Although I have owned a variety of larger format cameras such as Rolleiflex, Hasselblad and Linhof, I found the Bronica SQ-A with Prism AE S to be excellent. I used it with the Zenzanon-S lenses 80mm f2.8 and 150mm f3.5.

Scanning Negatives and Slides

I now use an Epson Perfection 3200 Photo scanner and process the files with different Graphics Software depending on the requirement. Photoshop 7.0 is the one I used to get most of the results show here.


Some years ago I returned to microscopy as a hobby and installed a Lomo Model 11 research microscope in my study. I use a simple Webcamera to make videos and still pictures of the protists that are to be found in great abundance in Finnish lakes and swamps. The lens has been changed and the camera slightly modifed to fit the photo tube of the microscope. The videos that can be found by clicking the Photomicro button on the main page of this website were all made with this camera. The interesting thing about light microscopy is that the higher the magnification used the fewer the pixels actually needed by a digital camera to render a faithful image.